Theological Library of Caesarea Maritima Through Origen and especially the scholarly presbyter Pamphilus of Caesareaan avid collector of books of Scripture, the theological school of Caesarea won a reputation for having the most extensive ecclesiastical library of the time, containing more than 30, manuscripts: Gregory NazianzusBasil the GreatJerome and others came to study there. The Caesarean text-type is recognized by scholars as one of the earliest New Testament types. The collections of the library suffered during the persecutions under the Emperor Diocletianbut were repaired subsequently by bishops of Caesarea.
According to the U.
Geological Survey many of the small islands of the southwest coast of Sumatra might have moved to the southwest by as much as 20 metres.
Geological Survey expert Ken Herdnut, the northwestern tip of Sumatra may also have shifted to the southwest by about 36 metres. Collision of the Indian and the Burmese plate created a fault 1, km long and km wide in the Indian Ocean.
Motion of the Earth: The US Geological Survey also expressed the opinion as expressed by Ken Herdnut that tremendous energy released by the earthquake made the earth wobble on its axis. This had caused the planet to spin 3 microseconds or one millionth of a second faster and to tilt about 2.
In other words, day is shortened by about 3 microseconds and the North Pole has shifted towards east Siberia by 2. Decline in Soil Fertility and Agricultural Production: Vast low lying coastal areas were submerged under sea water which increased the salinity of the soil and reduced agricultural production.
Cuddalore and Nagapattinam districts in Tamil Nadu were the worst affected. Tests conducted on soil samples from these districts showed that sea water had seeped to a depth of about 90 cm of soil, thereby totally affecting the root zone cm below ground.
Soil profile tests showed high salinity varying from 6. This is highly saline condition in which no paddy crop could be cultivated. In Nagapattinam district alone, more than 9, hectares of land had been rendered unfit for cultivation by increased salinity.
Horticulture also suffered heavy losses. The total loss in Nagapattinam district was estimated at Rs. This land could be reclaimed by flushing the soil with fresh water from the Cauvery River and by administering about two metric tonnes of gypsum per hectare.
This process normally takes about 3 to 4 years to show the desired results. Farmers had been advised to sow plants like cashewnut which are saline-resistant.
Effect on Marine Life: The killer tsunamis had badly affected the marine life of the Indian Ocean. A large section of the coral reefs of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands archipelago had been destroyed, while others suffered extensive damages.
According to marine biologists, satellite pictures showed that 45 per cent of the fragile coral reefs had been destroyed. The surviving reefs were damaged by the debris washed into the sea from the islands. Experts say it would take at least to years for reefs to re-form.
The coral reefs around the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are of fringing type i. Hence they have suffers extensive damage. There were an estimated species of corals around the islands of the archipelago. Some of the species that were unique to the archipelago could have become extinct.
Fishing also suffered heavy losses at the hands of the powerful tsunamis. Sea beaches along the coasts of the Indian Ocean became graveyards of the dead fishes after the tsunami swept across the ocean.The United Nations Children's Fund - UNICEF - Photo essay: Child’s view: Tsunami recovery continues 18 December Journalists and photographers organized the InSIGHT Out!
workshop series to share their skills with 65 children in Thailand’s worst-affected region. The Shadow of the Tsunami: and the Growth of the Relational Mind [Philip M.
Bromberg, Allan N. Schore] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. During early development, every human being is exposed to the relative impact of relational trauma – disconfirmation of aspects of oneself as having legitimate existence in the world of others – in shaping both the capacity for.
Essay on the Tsunami of 26th December ! On 26th December , the Indian Ocean was hit by tsunamis which are considered to be the most catastrophic in the living memory of the inhabitants of the coastal areas of this ocean.
UNICEF is committed to doing all it can to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in partnership with governments, civil society, business, academia and the United Nations family – and especially children and young people. Read the latest stories about photography on Time.
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