Strictly defined, a customer is someone who buys goods or services from a store or business.
Both form an integral part of the organisation's quality management plan, and the effectiveness of delivery teams relies on the differences being well understood by all stakeholders, including management.
This article considers the difference between Quality Assurance and Quality Control.
The concepts are investigated by looking at guidance from key industry players. Introduction How many times has it struck you that many practitioners involved in the ICT field lack an understanding of the difference between Quality Assurance and Quality Control?
Although QA and QC are closely related concepts, and are both aspects of quality management, they are fundamentally different in their focus: QC is used to verify the quality of the output; QA is the process of managing for quality.
Achieving success in a project requires both QA and QC. If we only apply QA, then we have a set of processes that can be applied to ensure great quality in our delivered solution, but the delivered solution itself is never actually quality-checked. Likewise, if we only focus on QC then we are simply conducting tests without any clear vision for making our tests repeatable, for understanding and eliminating problems in testing, and for generally driving improvement into the means we use to deliver our ICT solutions.
A good point of reference for understanding the difference is the ISO family of standards. These standards relate to quality management systems and are designed to help organisations meet the needs of customers and other stakeholders.
In terms of this standard, a quality management system is comprised of quality planning and quality improvement activities, the establishment of a set of quality policies and objectives that will act as guidelines within an organisation, and QA and QC.
In the ISO standard, clause 3. NASA, one of the most rigorous software engineering firms in the world, provides the following definitions www. QA planning is undertaken at the beginning of a project, and draws on both software specifications and industry or company standards.
The typical outcomes of the QA planning activities are quality plans, inspection and test plans, the selection of defect tracking tools and the training of people in the selected methods and processes.
The purpose of QA is to prevent defects from entering into the solution in the first place. In other words, QA is a pro-active management practice that is used to assure a stated level of quality for an IT initiative.
Undertaking QA at the beginning of a project is a key tool to mitigate the risks that have been identified during the specification phases. Communication plays a pivotal role in managing project risk, and is crucial for realising effective QA.
Part of any risk mitigation strategy is the clear communication of both the risks, and their associated remedies to the team or teams involved in the project. QC is a reactive means by which quality is gauged and monitored, and QC includes all operational techniques and activities used to fulfil requirements for quality.
QC involves verification of output conformance to desired quality levels.
This means that the ICT solution is checked against customer requirements, with various checks being conducted at planned points in the development lifecycle.
Teams will use, amongst other techniques, structured walkthroughs, testing and code inspections to ensure that the solution meets the agreed set of requirements.
Benefits of Quality Management The benefits of a structured approach to quality management cannot be ignored. Quality Control is used, in conjunction with the quality improvement activity, to isolate and provide feedback on the causes of quality problems.
By using this approach consistently, across projects, the feedback mechanism works towards identifying root-cause problems, and then developing strategies to eliminating these problems. Using this holistic approach ensures that teams achieve ever higher levels of quality. As a consequence of formulating and executing a quality management plan the company can expect: The company will be seen to be more effective and efficient in delivering an agreed ICT solution to clients.
Dialog Information Technology provides expertise in Quality Control and Quality Assurance and services range from strategic IT consulting through full lifecycle application development and managed application services to long-term operational support.Oct 25, · Customers can be categorized as both internal and external, and as employees of an organization we actually have both.
Each one needs to be treated equally and with the same amount of care and urbanagricultureinitiative.com: Bluerock Energy, Inc. There is some confusion about the definitions of Red, Blue, and Purple teams within Information Security.
Here are my definitions and concepts associated with them. What Is Auditing? Quality Glossary Definition: Audit. Auditing is the on-site verification activity, such as inspection or examination, of a process or quality system, to ensure compliance to urbanagricultureinitiative.com audit can apply to an entire organization or might be specific to a function, process, or production step.
Yes, there is a difference and many people confuse remanufactured products with rebuilt ones, and some people assume that a used product will be a viable replacement alternative to their failed. There are of course many other internal parts of the business.
External Customers. External customers are more likely to be customers, users, and stakeholders. Customers are those that exchange money for goods and services and consumers are those that actually use the product (and as we said they may or may not be the same person).
So a user is the same as a consumer. The first and foremost difference between internal and external stakeholders is that Internal matters of the company are known to internal stakeholders, but not to external stakeholders.
Customers: They are considered Key Differences Between Internal and External Stakeholders.