Arguments for voluntary euthanasia 1. Accordingly, democratic societies can make laws to prohibit murder, assault and theft, but should not make laws to prohibit sex before marriage, gay marriage, religious belief, or voluntary euthanasia. This is because people who practise the latter are not harming other people.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message Informed consent in ethics usually refers to the idea that a person must be fully informed about and understand the potential benefits and risks of their choice of treatment.
A correlate to "informed consent" is the concept of informed refusal. An uninformed person is at risk of mistakenly making a choice not reflective of his or her values or wishes. It does not specifically mean the process of obtaining consent, or the specific legal requirements, which vary from place to place, for capacity to consent.
Patients can elect to make their own medical decisions or can delegate decision-making authority to another party.
If the patient is incapacitated, laws around the world designate different processes for obtaining informed consent, typically by having a person appointed by the patient or their next of kin make decisions for them.
The value of informed consent is closely related to the values of autonomy and truth telling. Confidentiality Confidentiality is commonly applied to conversations between doctors and patients. This concept is commonly known as patient-physician privilege.
Legal protections prevent physicians from revealing their discussions with patients, even under oath in court. However, numerous exceptions to the rules have been carved out over the years. For example, many states require physicians to report gunshot wounds to the police and impaired drivers to the Department of Motor Vehicles.
Confidentiality is also challenged in cases involving the diagnosis of a sexually transmitted disease in a patient who refuses to reveal the diagnosis to a spouse, and in the termination of a pregnancy in an underage patient, without the knowledge of the patient's parents.
Many states in the U. More recently, critics like Jacob Appel have argued for a more nuanced approach to the duty that acknowledges the need for flexibility in many cases.
Control and resolution[ edit ] To ensure that appropriate ethical values are being applied within hospitals, effective hospital accreditation requires that ethical considerations are taken into account, for example with respect to physician integrity, conflict of interestresearch ethics and organ transplantation ethics.
Guidelines[ edit ] There is much documentation of the history and necessity of the Declaration of Helsinki. The first code of conduct for research including medical ethics was the Nuremberg Code.
This issue called for the creation of the Declaration. There are some stark differences between the Nuremberg Code and the Declaration of Helsinki, including the way it is written. Nuremberg was written in a very concise manner, with a simple explanation.
The Declaration of Helsinki is written with a thorough explanation in mind and including many specific commentaries.
Ethics committees[ edit ] Often, simple communication is not enough to resolve a conflict, and a hospital ethics committee must convene to decide a complex matter.Sue Rodriguez and Karen Ann Quinlan have done more than ethicists, doctors, and moralists to rivet public attention on the legal and moral aspects of euthanasia.
In Sue Rodriguez chose to die. In Karen Ann Quinlan, for reasons still unknown, ceased breathing for several minutes.
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JERUSALEM – CNN's extensive coverage this week of the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca is a defeat for evangelical Christians and proves it is only a question of time before Islam will be "shining all over the world," according to Muslim terrorists in Gaza speaking to WND.
“Canadian Doctors Get Ready for Child Euthanasia” (National Review — November 6, ) When these horrors are brought up in euthanasia debates in the United States, assisted-suicide advocates wave off the concern as mere slippery-slope advocacy and sniff that whatever policies Belgium and Netherlands have adopted, those countries are very different culturally from the United States.
Sue Rodriguez and then NDP MP Svend Robinson after the Supreme Court of Canada turned down Rodriguez's plea for doctor-assisted suicide. (Sept. 30, ) (Jeff Vinnick / Reuters) Later that year, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in a split decision that it was not her right, but the government’s right to decide the circumstances of her dying.
Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values to the practice of clinical medicine and in scientific research. Medical ethics is based on a set of values that professionals can refer to in the case of any confusion or conflict.
These values include the respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice. Such tenets may allow doctors, care providers, and families.