Video Transcript Transcript for A brief history of the Olympics Once a simple foot race across sacred land the Olympics have transformed into the world's top sporting competition. The brief history of the Olympics. There are a number of Greek myths surrounding the ancient Olympic Games but the most common is the story of a Princeton and collapsed.
Pelops myth There are several Greek myths about how the games were started. The story of Pelops was displayed prominently on the east pedimental sculptures of the Temple of Zeus. Any young man who lost the race would be beheaded, and the heads would be used as decoration for the palace of Oinomaos.
With the help of his charioteer Myrtilos, Pelops devised a plan to beat Oinomaos in the chariot race.
When Oinomaos was about to pass Pelops in the chariot race, the wax melted and Oinomaos was thrown to his death. Pelops married Hippodamia and instituted the Olympic games to celebrate his victory.
A different version of the myth refers to the Olympic games as funeral games in the memory of Oinomaos. He tells the story of how Herakles, on his fifth labor, had A brief history of the olympic games clean the stables of King Augeas of Elis.
Augeas agreed, and Herakles rerouted the Kladeos and Alpheos rivers to flow through the stables. Augeas did not fulfill his promise, however, and after Herakles had finished his labors he returned to Elis and waged war on Augeas.
Herakles sacked the city of Elis and instituted the Olympic Games in honor of his father, Zeus. It is said that Herakles taught men how to wrestle and measured out the stadium, or the length of the footrace. The Importance of Ancient Greek Athletics The ancient Greeks were highly competitive and believed strongly in the concept of "agon", or "competition" or "contest".
The ultimate Greek goal was to be the best. All aspects of life, especially athletics, were centered around this concept.
It was therefore considered one of the greatest honors to win a victory at Olympia. The fact that the only prize given at Olympia was an olive wreath illustrates this point. The athletes competed for honor, not for material goods. Athletics were of prime importance to the Greeks.
The education of boys concentrated on athletics and music as well as academic subjects such as philosophy. Education took place in the gymnasion and the palaistra as well as the academy.
The Religious Aspects of the Ancient Olympic Games In ancient Greece, games were closely connected to the worship of the gods and heroes.
Games were also held in the context of many ancient fertility festivals. The games at Olympia were connected with both the funeral games of Oinomaos, established by Pelops, and a fertility cult involving any number of gods and goddesses who were worshipped at the site.
The Olympic games began to be usurped by the prominent cult of Zeus, and eventually lost much of their religious character. When Greek historians referred to dates, they most often referred to a year i.
The winner of the stadium race in a given year had the Olympiad named in honor of him. The first Olympiad is therefore known as that of Koroibos of Elis, the winner of the stadium race in BC.
The Sacred Truce The sacred truce was instituted during the month of the Olympiad. Messengers known as "spondorophoroi" carried the word of the truce and announced the date of the games all over the Greek world. The truce called for a cessation of all hostilities for a period of one month later three months to allow for the safe travel of athletes to and from Olympia.
Armies and armed individuals were barred from entering the sanctuary. In addition, no death penalties could be carried out during the period of the truce. The Internationalization of the Olympic Games From the beginning, the games at Olympia served as a bond between Greeks and strengthened the Greek sense of national unity.
During the Hellenistic period, Greeks who came to live in foreign surroundings such as Syria, Asia, and Egypt, strove to hold on to their culture. One of the ways to achieve this was to build athletic facilities and continue their athletic traditions.
They organized competitions, and sent competitors from their towns to compete in the Panhellenic games. In the 2nd century A.
From then on, the participation of many competitors from outside of Greece in the Olympic games, gave them to a degree, international nature. When the Greek government reinstated the games inthis international character of the competitions was preserved by Baron de Coubertin. Now, 16 centuries later, the Olympic games attract competitors from countries all over the world.
Modern Olympic Games The best amateur athletes in the world match skill and endurance in a series of contests called the Olympic Games. Almost every nation sends teams of selected athletes to take part.
The purposes of the Olympic Games are to foster the ideal of a "sound mind in a sound body" and to promote friendship among nations.A Brief History of the Olympic Games David C. Young In Preparation A Brief History of Astrology Roger Beck A Brief History of Oracles, Divination, and Prophecy Sarah Iles Johnston BHOA01 2 16/4/04, PM.
A Brief History of the Olympic Games David C. Young BHOA01 3 16/4/04, PM. “At its heart the Ancient Olympic Games was a religious festival held in a religious sanctuary,” Paul Christesen, professor of Ancient Greek History at Dartmouth College, USA, explained.
As Christesen went on to say, “it was not just a matter of playing sports”. The modern Olympic Games or Olympics The Winter Olympics in Sochi were the most expensive Olympic Games in history, costing in excess of US$50 billion.
According to a report by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development that was released at the time of the games. The Olympics, held in Moscow and the target of perhaps the most prominent series of boycotts in Olympic history (the Cold War will do that), also only had 80 countries represented.
The Olympic Games were held without interruptions in ancient Greece. The games were even held in BC during the Persian Wars, and coincided with the Battle of Thermopylae. Although the Olympic games were never suspended, the games of BC were not considered Olympic since the Arkadians had captured the sanctuary and .
The first ancient Olympic Games can be traced back to Olympia in BC. Full of blood, passion and extraordinary feats of athletic endeavour, the Olympic Games were the sporting, social and cultural highlight of the Ancient Greek calendar for almost 12 centuries.